Occ health: Tuberculosis in the workplace

TUBERCULOSIS IN THE WORKPLACE

When an employee develops tuberculosis at the workplace and they are not bacillis-excretors then they only have to be booked off for 2 weeks by their doctor. They can then complete their 6 month treatment while still staying at work

MULTIDRUG RESISTANT TB AND EXTENSIVE DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS (MDR AND XDR)

MDR: Resistance to Rifampicin and INH XDR: Resistance to all first line drugs

An employee with XDR and MDR can according to globally acceptable standards be required to go for treatment and not work on the premises while still excreting tuberculosis bacilli. They are deemed to pose a public health risk and can only come back to work when there is proof of cure. MDR patients are generally treated for 18 months. XDR patients need to be admitted in tuberculosis hospitals as inpatients

MDR patients frequently need inpatient admission for tuberculosis treatment XDR patients always need inpatient admission for tuberculosis treatment

Tuberculosis is a notifable disease

Health care workers that work with patients suffering from tuberculosis are at risk of contracting the disease themselves. If they do contract tuberculosis from a patient they need to be registered with the Compensation Commissioner (Department of Labour) as suffering from an occupational disease