Medical student education: domains of knowledge

DOMAINS OF KNOWLEDGE

According to Bloom’s Taxonomy education engages 3 domains of knowledge

1) Cognitive domain: concerns cognition of material and what they understand

2) Affective domain: concerning attitudes and feelings. This is a very difficult aspect for teachers to measure. Students come from different cultural and religious backgrounds where certain taboos exist which can hinder their objectivity and ability to perform optimally as a doctor. It is also used to describe the aesthetic appreciation of poetry, art or music. Medical students don’t go to university to just to learn medicine, they must develop as full human beings. They need to be taught the beauty of academia and the joy of reading, research and continuous self-development

3) Psychomotor domain: the development of a physical skill. These skills are difficult to teach to pregraduate students as these procedures are performed on sick patients. Simulation laboratories are utilised successfully in teaching psychomotor skills, reducing the risk when the procedures are performed on patients. The students should have a reasonable amount of muscle memory by the time they get involved in patient care