Aeromedical health: Helicopter transfers


  • Only enter or leave the helicopter after permission is attained from the pilot and the land guide (HLZ marshall) during hot and cold landing
Back loading an ambulance helicopter: Tail rotor hazard during “hot” loading
  • Fasten the patient in the helicopter and fasten your seat belt
  • Do not break radio silence especially not on lift-off or on landing. the pilot needs to concentrate fully and there must be no distractions
  • Keep communication during the flight to the minimum. Different helicopters can fly on their own for different periods of time. The small two-rotor Robinson R22 can only fly itself pilot-free for 4 seconds and it’s bigger brother the Robinson R44 for 10 seconds. The margin for error is small and the pilots must not be distracted unnecessarily
  • Wear the correct PPE and participate in daily briefing
  • Water ditching training must be up to date; in short, take in crash position, ┬áremove head set, tighten seat belt, turn off oxygen, lay patient flat, secure all items. When the helicopter hits the water and flips, don’t exit into the water till the blades have stopped (count to five), find a reference handle, then track the exit handle, only release your belt when you have grip on your reference point (you are upside down), open the exit, release your safety belt and exit the door carefully. Follow the bubbles and exhale as you ascend.